The Lost Books of the Bible
"...that there are many plain and precious things taken away from the book, which is the book of the Lamb of God."
-- 1 Nephi 13:28
This Book of Mormon verse makes the claim that many plain and precious truths would be lost from the bible. There are 18 books mentioned within the Bible texts that aren't found anywhere in our current Old or New Testament canon. There are also prophecies mentioned in the New Testament (e.g. Christ being born a Nazarene), that are never mentioned in the Old Testament. This gives the claim that truths had been lost increased validity.
There is also evidence of this in the historical record. For example, Justin Martyr, an early Christian writer accused the Jews of having removed a passage from Jeremiah about the descent and preaching [regarding doctrines of Salvation for the Dead, and Christ's ministry to the dead] to weaken the scriptural support for Christianity. Jews viewed Christianity as a cult and didn't want their scriptures used to give it validity.
"Here Trypho remarked, "We ask you first of all to tell us some of the Scriptures which you allege have been completely canceled." [Justin quotes some passages which the Jews evidently removed from Esdras and Jeremiah.]" (Justin Martyr, Dialogue with Trypho 71-72, in ANF 1:234-235.)
The Old and New Testaments of the Bible were put together by a group of scholars, theologians, philosophers and politicians who debated and voted on which books, writings and letters should or shouldn't be included. Books that received a majority vote by the counsel were compiled and canonized as part of the volume of scripture. The rest of the stories and writings were discarded. These records are sometimes referred to as the lost books. The following is a list of some "known" lost books that are explicitly referred to in Biblical verses.Book of the Wars of the Lord -- Numbers 21:14
"Wherefore it is said in the book of the wars of the Lord, What he did in the Red sea, and in the brooks of Arnon,"Book of Jasher -- Joshua 10:13 & 2 Samuel 1:18
"And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day."
"Also he bade them teach the children of Judah the use of the bow: behold, it is written in the book of Jasher"
"And the rest of the acts of Solomon, and all that he did, and his wisdom, are they not written in the abook of the acts of Solomon?"Book of Samuel the Seer & the Book of Gad the Seer -- 1 Chronicles 29:29
"Now the acts of David the king, first and last, behold, they are written in the book of Samuel the seer, and in the book of Nathan the prophet, and in the book of Gad the seer,"Book of Nathan the Prophet & The Prophecy of Ahija -- 2 Chronicles 9:29
"Now the rest of the acts of Solomon, first and last, are they not written in the book of Nathan the prophet, and in the prophecy of Ahijah the Shilonite, and in the visions of Iddo the seer against Jeroboam the son of Nebat?"Visions if Iddo the Seer & The Book of Shemaiah the Prophet -- 2 Chronicles 12:15; 13:22
"Now the acts of Rehoboam, first and last, are they not written in the book of Shemaiah the prophet, and of Iddo the seer concerning genealogies? And there were wars between Rehoboam and Jeroboam continually."
"And the rest of the acts of Abijah, and his ways, and his sayings, are written in the story of the prophet Iddo."
"Now the rest of the acts of Jehoshaphat, first and last, behold, they are written in the book of Jehu the son of Hanani, who is mentioned in the book of the kings of Israel."Sayings of the Seers -- 2 Chronicles 33:19
"His prayer also, and how God was intreated of him, and all his sin, and his trespass, and the places wherein he built high places, and set up groves and graven images, before he was humbled: behold, they are written among the sayings of the seers."An Epistle of Paul to the Corinthians that predates the current 1st Corinthians -- 1 Corinthians 5:9
"I wrote unto you in an epistle not to company with fornicators:"An earlier Epistle to the Ephesians -- Ephesians 3:3
"How that by revelation he made known unto me the mystery; as I wrote afore in few words,"An Epistle to the Church at Laodicea -- Colossians 4:16
"And when this epistle is read among you, cause that it be read also in the church of the Laodiceans; and that ye likewise read the epistle from Laodicea."Prophecies of Enoch -- Jude 1:14
"And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints,"Book of the Covenant -- Exodus 24:7
"And he took the book of the covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said, All that the Lord hath said will we do, and be obedient."The Manner of the Kingdom, written by Samuel -- 1 Samuel 10:25
"Then Samuel told the people the manner of the kingdom, and wrote it in a book, and laid it up before the Lord. And Samuel sent all the people away, every man to his house."The Acts of Uzziah, written by Isaiah -- 2 Chronicles 26:22
"Now the rest of the acts of Uzziah, first and last, did Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz, write."Reference to a prophecy that Jesus would be called a Nazarene that's not found in the Old Testament. -- Matthew 2:23
"And he came and dwelt in a city called Nazareth: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophets, He shall be called a Nazarene."